• Blue Planet
  • Destinations
  • Yachts For Sale
  • Yachts For Charter

Spotlight – Horizon FD102 To-Kalon

BY APB Staff on 7 Jan 2021

The second launch in the FD102 series showcases the flexibility of the yard on a pioneering design that is finding fans in Europe and the US

who owns to kalon yacht

In May, Horizon Yachts of Taiwan launched the second in its FD102 series, To-Kalon , which refers to Plato’s concept of beauty. Her American owner, David Copham, says “ We have Cor D. Rover to thank for the basic concept, which we think will be quite well received in the yachting community.” Rover designed Copham’s previous yacht, a Burger yacht also named To-Kalon .

The new To-Kalon is Copham’s first yacht build with Horizon, and judging from his commentary, he was pleased with the results.

Horizon Yachts has been willing to experiment over the years in ways that most other Asian yards do not. Horizon was the first to try all-solar powered catamarans in the 2000s, long before the intense interest they generate now.

who owns to kalon yacht

The FD (FD stands for Fast Displacement) series was introduced by Horizon Yachts in conjunction with Cor D Rover and aims at delivering huge interior volumes in a solidly designed hull that yields great performance.

The FD (FD stands for Fast Displacement) series was introduced by Horzion Yachts in conjunction with Cor D Rover and aims at delivering huge interior volumes

Rover developed the concept for the series, which took inspiration from the popularity of SUV cars in Europe. He approached Horizon CEO John Lu at the Fort Lauderdale International Boat Show with his FD concept for a 78-foot yacht, with lots of volume and large windows, and five staterooms.

who owns to kalon yacht

“John immediately understood our idea and saw the potential for this type of yacht and what it could give to his clients,” says Rover. “I was brave to put it on paper, but John was even braver to develop it.” The FD series, which runs from 75 feet to 125 feet, was introduced at the Taiwan Boat Show in 2016.

Horizon developed a wave-piercing bow and hull design for the FD Series platform that focused on efficiency and a comfortable ride. The wave-piercing bow extends into a long skeg that runs the length of the hull, creating better directional stability.

who owns to kalon yacht

The wave-piercing bow combined with a hard chine at the front of the hull reduces drag and increases waterline length for performance. Soft chines from the amidships and tunnels in the aft area further reduce resistance. The FD series hull also allows for a shallower draught.

The wave-piercing bow extends into a long skeg that runs the length of the hull, creating better directional stability

who owns to kalon yacht

Horizon has reportedly sold over 20 FD Series yachts in the years since the first launch. One FD yacht even came with a helipad for an Australian owner. “The fact that we sell so many and that other brands are following suit with big-volume designs of their own proves that this concept works,” says Rover.

“Just like Porsche did when creating the Cayenne SUV, we did the same with the FD Series,” says Rover. “Now the rest of the market is following us. Volume is king and will always be.”

who owns to kalon yacht

To-Kalon accommodates up to 10 guests in five staterooms, including a full-beam master cabin. The on-deck master stateroom they specified a his-and-hers en suite as well as his-and-hers walk-in closets.

The owners requested a semi-enclosed flybridge with sliding glass windows, letting the majority of the upper deck to function as an indoor/outdoor space. Just aft of the pilothouse, a U-shaped seating area opposite a dayhead and full bar with fixed bar stools is protected under the hard top.

“Just like Porsche did when creating the Cayenne SUV, we did the same with the FD Series” – Cor D Rover

who owns to kalon yacht

The deck area aft is fitted with an extendable dining table for up to 12, a BBQ and a Jacuzzi tub for six with a bar counter and fixed stools. This portion of the deck can be shaded by an electric awning.

who owns to kalon yacht

The tender storage area was moved to the bow, where a crane is situated just forward of the helm station. This helped to maximise socialising space at the aft deck.

who owns to kalon yacht

On the main deck, a bar, storage and TV area is located to starboard. The owners also asked for curved glass doors to the main salon and positioned the interior dining area aft to take advantage of the views. A round table for six can be extended to seat ten beneath a custom circular light fixture.

who owns to kalon yacht

The galley was another important space for the owners, who customised the layout and commissioned professional-standard appliances. There is a carved design in opaque glass for the Hi/Lo partition separating the galley from the salon.

The owners requested a semi-enclosed flybridge with sliding glass windows, letting the majority of the upper deck to function as an indoor/outdoor space

who owns to kalon yacht

Oak, wenge and zebra woods feature prominently throughout the main and upper decks, while beech, wenge and bird’s eye maple complement the midship lower deck guest areas and crew quarters forward.

The overall effect is a bright, attractive interior that doesn’t get in the way of the enormous views offered by the large windows that are a main feature of the FD series. To-Kalon is to be on display at the Fort Lauderdale International Boat Show this October. Given the success the FD series has had so far, and that a FD 102 is now in Europe and one in the US, it’s highly likely Horizon Yachts will be launching more high volume, fast displacement yachts in the near future.

Technical specifications:

LOA: 32.75m LWL: 28.19m Beam: 7.57m Draught: 1.82m Engines: 2 x CAT C32-Acert 1600hp Displacement: 126 tonnes Volume: 145 gross tonnage Fuel capacity: 17,030l Water capacity: 3,025l Exterior design: Cor D. Rover Naval architecture: Horizon Engineering Guests: 10 Crew: 4


Copy short link

Subscribe to our newsletter

Get the biggest stories from across the Asia Pacific, direct to your inbox each week

Boat logo

The global authority in superyachting

  • Yachts Home
  • The Superyacht Directory
  • Yacht Reports
  • Brokerage News
  • The largest yachts in the world
  • The Register
  • Yacht Advice
  • Yacht Design
  • 12m to 24m yachts
  • Monaco Yacht Show
  • Builder Directory
  • Designer Directory
  • Interior Design Directory
  • Naval Architect Directory
  • Yachts for sale home
  • Motor yachts
  • Sailing yachts
  • Explorer yachts
  • Classic yachts
  • Sale Broker Directory
  • Charter Home
  • Yachts for Charter
  • Charter Destinations
  • Charter Broker Directory
  • Destinations Home
  • Mediterranean
  • South Pacific
  • Rest of the World
  • Boat Life Home
  • Owners' Experiences
  • Interiors Suppliers
  • Owners' Club
  • Captains' Club
  • BOAT Showcase
  • Boat Presents
  • Events Home
  • World Superyacht Awards
  • Superyacht Design Festival
  • Design and Innovation Awards
  • Young Designer of the Year Award
  • Artistry and Craft Awards
  • Explorer Yachts Summit
  • Ocean Talks
  • The Ocean Awards
  • BOAT Connect
  • Between the bays
  • Golf Invitational
  • Boat Pro Home
  • Pricing Plan
  • Superyacht Insight
  • Product Features
  • Premium Content
  • Testimonials
  • Global Order Book
  • Tenders & Equipment

who owns to kalon yacht

TO KALON is a 32.75 m Motor Yacht, built in Taiwan by Horizon and delivered in 2020. She is one of 4 FD102 models.

Her top speed is 21.4 kn and her cruising speed is 10.0 kn and her power comes from two Caterpillar diesel engines. She can accommodate up to 10 guests in 5 staterooms, with 5 crew members waiting on their every need. She has a gross tonnage of 230.0 GT and a 7.57 m beam.

She was architected by Horizon , who also designed the interior. Horizon created the naval architecture for 151 yachts, and designed the interior of 185 yachts for yachts above 24 metres.

She was designed by Horizon (99 other superyachts designed) and Cor D. Rover (74 other superyachts designed).

TO KALON is one of 2076 motor yachts in the 30-35m size range, and, compared to similarly sized motor yachts, her volume is 43.91 GT above the average.

TO KALON is registered under the United States of America flag, the most popular flag state for superyachts with a total of 1616 yachts registered


  • Name: TO KALON
  • Yacht Type: Motor Yacht
  • Yacht Subtype: Displacement
  • Model: FD102
  • Builder: Horizon
  • Naval Architect: Horizon
  • Exterior Designer: Horizon , Cor D. Rover
  • Interior Designer: Horizon

Yachts like this

From our partners, sponsored listings.

Horizon Yacht | Horizon Yachts For Sale | Australia

Horizon Welcomes the FD102 TO-KALON to the Family

  • Share on Facebook
  • Share on Twitter
  • Share on Pinterest
  • Share on LinkedIn

who owns to kalon yacht

TO-KALON  will make her public debut at the 2020 Fort Lauderdale International Boat Show in late October.

To experience all of the details of  TO-KALON  via the virtual tour, please click  HERE .

who owns to kalon yacht

    Connect With Us

Quick links.

About Us Horizon Models New Premium Brokerage boats  Virtual Tour Horizon lifestyle Q&A News Contact


E Series EP Series FD Series P Series PC Series RP Series V Series


First Name *

Last Name *

TO-KALON Horizon Yachts

  • Inspiration

TO-KALON has 25 Photos

Horizon Motor Yacht TO-KALON

To-Kalon News

Motor yacht To-Kalon hits water at Horizon Yachts shipyard

Motor yacht To-Kalon hits water at ...

Similar yachts.


AKIKO | From AUS$ 115,000/wk

  • Yachts >
  • All Yachts >
  • All Motor Yachts Over 100ft/30m >

If you have any questions about the TO-KALON information page below please contact us .

Luxury yacht TO-KALON is a FD102 model from Horizon Yachts launched in 2020. She measures 32.75m/107ft with sturdy, contemporary modern styling comprised of clean lines and a white hull and superstructure. M/Y TO-KALON also boasts beautiful modern interior styling and Cor D. Rover and can accommodate up to 10 guests in five en-suite cabins.

NOTABLE FEATURES OF TO-KALON: ~Upper deck aft Jacuzzi ~Main salon and sky lounge bars ~Cor D. Rover nameplate with Horizon Yachts on hull sides ~Maximum speed of 21.4 knots ~Cruising range of 2,570 nautical miles ~Draft of only 1.82m/6ft to navigate shallow waterways ~Air conditioning ~Wi-Fi

The Owner and guests have a broad swim platform for easy disembarkation from the tender, and as a place to sunbathe while at anchor. Two swim platforms lead up to the main deck aft, where three sofas and two armchairs create a desirable social area around a large coffee table. A bar is placed in the starboard forward corner for refreshments throughout the day.

Port and starboard stairways connect to the upper deck, where there is a raised circular Jacuzzi with bar seating for six along the stern. The formal dining area is sheltered by the hardtop for alfresco dining at any time of the day, and seats up to 10 guests around a pristine white table top, with effortless access to the sky lounge bar. Side walkways lead to the foredeck, which boasts a C-shaped sofa and two tables for casual outdoor meals and drinks. There is a broad sunbed for sunshine and panoramic views, and tenders are stored in the bow.

The name 'TO-KALION' is inspired by Plato's concept of beauty, re-imagined for the modern era by Cor D. Rover to create an exceptional environment for social gatherings or tranquil moments in solitude. Oak, wenge and zebrawood wood varieties are used throughout the main deck and upper deck, while the lower deck accommodation is finished in bird's eye maple, wenge and beech.

The lower deck hosts the guest accommodation forward, followed by the engine room and then the crew accommodation aft.

On the main deck, the Master suite is forward followed by the main foyer and galley immediately behind. The galley is equipped with top-of-the-line appliances, and this area is separated from the main salon bar by an opaque glass partition. The main salon comes furnished with an aft-facing L-shaped sofa and glass-topped coffee table to port, opposite of which are two armchairs and a side table for relaxation with sweeping views through the windows running down both sides of the room. The staircase to the guest accommodation is forward to starboard, and behind a circular table close to the doors out onto the main deck aft seats eight guests when compact and 12 when extended, all beneath a brilliant contemporary light fixture continuing the circular theme.

TO-KALON Specifications

On the upper deck, the sky lounge provides a second desirable social area in cool white, and tinted glass sliding doors can close off the forward pilothouse for greater guest privacy. The lounge is furnished with an aft-facing L-shaped sofa and coffee table to port, a wet bar to starboard, a widescreen TV mounted on the aft wall and a day head in the aft port corner.

A pair of Caterpillar C32-ACERT engines each producing 1,600 HP allow for a top speed of 21.4 knots. At an economical 10 knots, she has a range of 2,570 nautical miles.

Yacht Accommodation

The accommodation sleeps a maximum of 10 guests over 5 en-suite cabins: 1 Master suite, 1 VIP stateroom, 2 double cabins and 1 twin cabin. The Master suite is situated on the main deck forward and provides its occupants with a king-sized bed, a sofa, desk, and his-and-hers walk-in-wardrobes. The en-suite also has his-and-hers entrances, with a pair of sinks, a toilet, and a shower. The VIP stateroom is placed in the bow and comes furnished with a queen-sized bed, a large wardrobe and an en-suite bathroom fitted with a sink, toilet and a shower. The double cabins are amidships to port and starboard. Both have a double bed, a large wardrobe and an en-suite bathroom providing a sink, toilet and a shower. The twin cabin is to port between the VIP stateroom and the double cabin, and has twin beds, a wardrobe and an en-suite bathroom with a sink, toilet and a shower. The crew cabins are situated behind the engine room and sleep up to 4.

Amenities and Extras

We do have available further amenity, owner and price information for the 32.75 m yacht TO-KALON, so please enquire for more information.

TO-KALON Disclaimer:

The luxury yacht TO-KALON displayed on this page is merely informational and she is not necessarily available for yacht charter or for sale, nor is she represented or marketed in anyway by CharterWorld. This web page and the superyacht information contained herein is not contractual. All yacht specifications and informations are displayed in good faith but CharterWorld does not warrant or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the current accuracy, completeness, validity, or usefulness of any superyacht information and/or images displayed. All boat information is subject to change without prior notice and may not be current.

Quick Enquiry

"Horizon has emerged as the leading Asian yacht brand in the luxury megayacht market and is known throughout the industry for its sophisticated craftsmanship, superior build techniques, and innovative technology. Horizon also contributes to one-third of the Taiwan yacht industry total export quantity and has elevated Taiwan as one of the world’s top five luxury megayacht building nations. Horizon has been honored as “Best Asian Motor Yacht Builder” 11 years in a row and is the first and only member of SYBAss (Superyacht Builder’s Association) from the Far East." - Horizon Yachts


CEDAR ISLAND | From US$ 49,900/wk

DUKE Sistership Azimut 103 S Running 4

KYMA | From EUR€ 58,000/wk

The 32m Yacht CAMARA C

CAMARA C | From EUR€ 70,000/wk

  • About Horizon
  • Organization
  • Advanced Technology
  • Sophisticated Craftsmanship
  • Extraordinary Design
  • Excellence in Engineering
  • Quality Assurance
  • State-of-the-art Facilities

  • News & Events
  • Locate Dealers
  • Online Newsletter
  • Horizon Collections
  • Dealer Login

Horizon Welcomes the FD102 TO-KALON to the Family

who owns to kalon yacht

Relevant information

Horizon 2024 Open House to Unveil Four New Yachts

Welcome to Silent Living!

Horizon Power Catamarans Presents “Showcase of Silence” During the Palm Beach International Boat Show

  • organization
  • FD100 Skyline
  • FD100 Tri-deck
  • FD110 Skyline
  • FD110 Tri-deck
  • CC80 Catamaran
  • CC110 Lady Gaga
  • CC110 ABACO
  • Excellent Engineering
  • Brand Publication
  • Publication

U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Here's how you know

Official websites use .gov A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS A lock ( Lock A locked padlock ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

  • The Attorney General
  • Organizational Chart
  • Budget & Performance
  • Privacy Program
  • Press Releases
  • Photo Galleries
  • Guidance Documents
  • Publications
  • Information for Victims in Large Cases
  • Justice Manual
  • Business and Contracts
  • Why Justice ?
  • DOJ Vacancies
  • Legal Careers at DOJ
  • Our Offices

Archived Press Releases

Archived News

Para Notícias en Español

Justice Department Files Civil Forfeiture Complaint Against $300 Million Superyacht

The United States today filed a civil forfeiture complaint in the Southern District of New York against the motor yacht Amadea – a 348-foot luxury vessel reportedly worth more than $300 million and beneficially owned by sanctioned Russian oligarch Suleiman Kerimov – which was  seized in 2022  at the request of the United States.

Today’s filing alleges that the superyacht was improved and maintained in violation of applicable sanctions against Kerimov and those acting on his behalf. According to the complaint, the Amadea is forfeitable based on violations of U.S. law, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) and money laundering violations. The burden to prove forfeitability in a civil forfeiture proceeding is upon the government, and proceedings involving this property and its claimants remain ongoing.

“The United States brings this action today after a careful and painstaking effort to develop the necessary evidence showing Suleiman Kerimov’s clear interest in the Amadea and the repeated misuse of the U.S. financial system to support and maintain the yacht for his benefit,” said Task Force KleptoCapture co-director Michael Khoo. “Getting to this point required extensive cooperation across the U.S. government and with foreign partners. It underscores our resolve to undertake challenging, cross-border investigations and to send a message to Russian oligarchs and their enablers: if you flout the rule of law, you can expect to pay real and meaningful consequences.”

“The filing of this complaint exemplifies that the United States takes sanction evasion seriously and will use all tools at its disposal to ensure that sanctioned individuals are held accountable for their crimes,” said U.S. Attorney Damian Williams for the Southern District of New York. “I thank our partners with Task Force KleptoCapture as well as the dedicated prosecutors of this office for their important work holding Russian oligarchs responsible and aiding our allies in Ukraine.”

According to court documents, on April 6, 2018, the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) designated Kerimov as a Specially Designated National (SDN) under IEEPA in connection with its finding that the actions of the Government of the Russian Federation in Ukraine constituted an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States. In imposing sanctions, OFAC determined that Kerimov was an official of the Government of the Russian Federation. As alleged, Kerimov never sought a license from OFAC authorizing any transactions including any transactions in connection with expenditures related to the yacht. On or about Sept. 30, 2022, OFAC redesignated Kerimov as an SDN.

In September 2021, following Kerimov’s designation by OFAC, Kerimov arranged to purchase the superyacht Amadea, contracting with the seller to receive use rights to the vessel even before he completed payment or obtained title to the vessel. Kerimov gained beneficial ownership of the vessel in or about September 2021 through a series of transfers between shell companies designed to conceal his ownership of the yacht. Beginning in October 2021 through its seizure, Kerimov and/or his family members took multiple trips aboard the Amadea, planned extensive renovations to the Amadea, made long-term plans for the Amadea’s travel schedule, and assumed all liability and responsibility for the Amadea’s upkeep.

During that time, individuals or entities acting on Kerimov’s behalf accrued U.S. dollar-denominated costs for the Amadea’s upkeep and sent or caused to be sent through the U.S. financial systems, payments in violation of applicable sanctions.

The Amadea is currently under the control of the U.S. government in San Diego, pursuant to a seizure warrant issued by the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, which was enforced by a court order issued by the Republic of Fiji following a mutual legal assistance request from the United States. The United States is deeply grateful to the Fijian police and prosecutors whose perseverance and dedication to the rule of law made this action possible.

Acting Assistant Attorney General Nicole M. Argentieri of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division, Assistant Attorney General Matthew G. Olsen of the Justice Department’s National Security Division, U.S. Attorney Damian Williams for the Southern District of New York, and Task Force KleptoCapture co-directors Michael W. Khoo and David H. Lim made the announcement.

The FBI New York Field Office’s Eurasian Organized Crime Task Force is investigating the case. The Justice Department’s Office of International Affairs, as well as the U.S. Marshals Service, U.S. Embassy Suva, and the Diplomatic Security Service, provided valuable assistance and cooperation in this investigation.

Assistant U.S. Attorney Sarah Mortazavi for the Southern District of New York and Trial Attorneys Joshua L. Sohn of the Criminal Division’s Money Laundering and Asset Recovery Section and Andrew D. Beaty of the National Security Division’s Counterintelligence and Export Control Section are litigating the case.

This case was coordinated through the Justice Department’s Task Force KleptoCapture, an interagency law enforcement task force dedicated to enforcing the sweeping sanctions, export controls, and economic countermeasures that the United States, along with its foreign allies and partners, has imposed in response to Russia’s unprovoked military invasion of Ukraine. Announced by the Attorney General on March 2, 2022, and under the leadership of the Office of the Deputy Attorney General, the task force will continue to leverage all of the Department’s tools and authorities to combat efforts to evade or undermine the collective actions taken by the U.S. government in response to Russian military aggression. 

A civil forfeiture complaint is merely an allegation that money or property was involved in or represents the proceeds of a crime. These allegations are not proven until a court awards a judgment in favor of the United States.

Related Content

The Justice Department filed a civil forfeiture complaint today in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York alleging that two apartments located in New York City...

Thank you, Minister Buschmann, for convening this important conference and offering me the opportunity to speak on holding war criminals to account. As we approach the second anniversary of Russia’s...

Deputy Attorney General Lisa Monaco and Estonian Secretary General Tõnis Saar announced today at the Munich Security Conference the transfer of nearly $500,000 in forfeited Russian funds for the purpose...

Please use a modern browser to view this website. Some elements might not work as expected when using Internet Explorer.

  • Landing Page
  • Luxury Yacht Vacation Types
  • Corporate Yacht Charter
  • Tailor Made Vacations
  • Luxury Exploration Vacations
  • View All 3576
  • Motor Yachts
  • Sailing Yachts
  • Classic Yachts
  • Catamaran Yachts
  • Filter By Destination
  • More Filters
  • Latest Reviews
  • Charter Special Offers
  • Destination Guides
  • Inspiration & Features
  • Mediterranean Charter Yachts
  • France Charter Yachts
  • Italy Charter Yachts
  • Croatia Charter Yachts
  • Greece Charter Yachts
  • Turkey Charter Yachts
  • Bahamas Charter Yachts
  • Caribbean Charter Yachts
  • Australia Charter Yachts
  • Thailand Charter Yachts
  • Dubai Charter Yachts
  • Destination News
  • New To Fleet
  • Charter Fleet Updates
  • Special Offers
  • Industry News
  • Yacht Shows
  • Corporate Charter
  • Finding a Yacht Broker
  • Charter Preferences
  • Questions & Answers
  • Add my yacht

Indulgence Charter Yacht


This Yacht is not for Charter*


View Similar Yachts

Or View All luxury yachts for charter

  • Luxury Charter Yachts
  • Motor Yachts for Charter
  • Amenities & Toys

INDULGENCE yacht NOT for charter*

30.79m  /  101' | burger | 2008.

Owner & Guests

  • Previous Yacht

Special Features:

  • ABS (American Bureau of Shipping) ✠A1, Yachting Service, AMS classification
  • Cruising speed of 23 knots
  • Sleeps 6 overnight

The 30.79m/101' motor yacht 'Indulgence' (ex. To-Kalon) was built by Burger in the United States at their Manitowoc, Wisconsin shipyard. Her interior is styled by design house Burger and she was delivered to her owner in October 2008. This luxury vessel's exterior design is the work of Cor D. Rover Design.

Guest Accommodation

She is also capable of carrying up to 4 crew onboard to ensure a relaxed luxury yacht experience.

Range & Performance

Built with a aluminium hull and aluminium superstructure, with teak decks, she benefits from a semi-displacement hull to provide exceptional seakeeping and impressive speeds. Powered by twin diesel MTU (16V2000 M93) 2,399hp engines, she comfortably cruises at 23 knots, reaches a maximum speed of 27 knots with a range of up to 720 nautical miles from her 23,700 litre fuel tanks at 23 knots. Her water tanks store around 5,000 Litres of fresh water. She was built to ABS (American Bureau of Shipping) ✠A1, Yachting Service, AMS classification society rules.

*Charter Indulgence Motor Yacht

Motor yacht Indulgence is currently not believed to be available for private Charter. To view similar yachts for charter , or contact your Yacht Charter Broker for information about renting a luxury charter yacht.

Indulgence Yacht Owner, Captain or marketing company

'Yacht Charter Fleet' is a free information service, if your yacht is available for charter please contact us with details and photos and we will update our records.

Indulgence Photos

Indulgence Yacht

NOTE to U.S. Customs & Border Protection


M/Y Indulgence


Here are a selection of superyachts which are similar to Indulgence yacht which are believed to be available for charter. To view all similar luxury charter yachts click on the button below.

 charter yacht

from $49,000 p/week ♦︎

 charter yacht

Almost There

32m | Horizon

from $39,500 p/week

 charter yacht

28m | Tecnomar

from $44,000 p/week

 charter yacht

33m | Cantieri di Pisa

from $76,000 p/week ♦︎

 charter yacht

Amici Per Sempre

33m | Baglietto

from $70,000 p/week ♦︎

 charter yacht

30m | Custom Line

from $55,000 p/week

 charter yacht

28m | Symbol

from $29,500 p/week

 charter yacht

30m | Horizon

from $45,000 p/week ♦︎

 charter yacht

28m | Rayburn Custom Yachts

from $42,000 p/week

 charter yacht

from $56,000 p/week ♦︎

 charter yacht

30m | Benetti

from $45,000 p/week

 charter yacht

Anything Goes IV

from $53,000 p/week ♦︎

As Featured In

The YachtCharterFleet Difference

YachtCharterFleet makes it easy to find the yacht charter vacation that is right for you. We combine thousands of yacht listings with local destination information, sample itineraries and experiences to deliver the world's most comprehensive yacht charter website.

San Francisco

  • Like us on Facebook
  • Follow us on Twitter
  • Follow us on Instagram
  • Find us on LinkedIn
  • Add My Yacht
  • Affiliates & Partners

Popular Destinations & Events

  • St Tropez Yacht Charter
  • Monaco Yacht Charter
  • St Barts Yacht Charter
  • Greece Yacht Charter
  • Mykonos Yacht Charter
  • Caribbean Yacht Charter

Featured Charter Yachts

  • Maltese Falcon Yacht Charter
  • Wheels Yacht Charter
  • Victorious Yacht Charter
  • Andrea Yacht Charter
  • Titania Yacht Charter
  • Ahpo Yacht Charter

Receive our latest offers, trends and stories direct to your inbox.

Please enter a valid e-mail.

Thanks for subscribing.

Search for Yachts, Destinations, Events, News... everything related to Luxury Yachts for Charter.

Yachts in your shortlist

GuildSomm International

  • Staff Training Guides
  • Entrenamiento del Personal
  • Study Guides
  • Expert Guides
  • Feature Articles
  • MW Perspectives
  • 101 Courses
  • Regional Courses
  • Producer Profiles
  • Wine Law Compendium
  • Review Quizzes
  • Blind Tasting
  • Discussions
  • Study Forums
  • Coffee & Tea
  • Eastern Europe
  • Eastern Mediterranean
  • Fortified Wines
  • Grape Varieties
  • New Zealand
  • Service & Hospitality
  • South Africa
  • Studying & Certification
  • Switzerland
  • United States
  • Viticulture & Vinification
  • Wine Business
  • About GuildSomm
  • GuildSomm Events
  • Industry Events
  • Find Members
  • Adam Arlen</a> and <span class="who-likes">80 others</span> like this" data-format="{count}" data-configuration="Format=%7Bcount%7D&IncludeLike=true&IncludeTip=true" >
  • Subscribe by email
  • Read more from this author

The True Story of To-Kalon Vineyard

Between Highway 29 and the western hills of Oakville, in the heart of Napa Valley, there is a vineyard called To-Kalon, “the place of highest beauty.” Two roadside signs signal arrival, but like all mythic places its exact shape is hard to define. Six entities claim a portion of the vineyard, without clear agreement as to what that vineyard is. Is it the place Hamilton W. Crabb once called Hermosa? Does it comprise all the lands amassed under the umbrella of To-Kalon Winery, the 19th-century Napa brand Crabb made famous from coast to coast? Is it a contiguous tract of abandoned vineyards left in Prohibition’s wake, snatched up by Martin Stelling and swollen in size in pursuit of the valley’s largest wine empire? Or is it just a trademark, first approved in 1906, forgotten, and resurrected by Robert Mondavi? If it can be a vineyard, is it 359 acres or 1,000? And are all acres within it created equal? Or was it just an old winery, engulfed in flames in 1939—its last smoldering remnants now just particles, strewn amidst Wappo arrowheads, the runoff of forgotten streams, and some of the best soils for Cabernet in the world.

The true story of To-Kalon Vineyard reminds us that there usually isn’t one. There are gutsy first steps brushed over and forgotten, legacies and records lost and found, imperfect memories, imagined tales told and retold until they become truth. There are interpretations. We sell stories, and with reverence usually reserved for religious texts we conflate ancient and profound—this is as true for To-Kalon as it is for Burgundy or Bordeaux. How does one really calculate a vineyard’s borders, anyway? What should be cut-and-dried becomes complicated with fame and rising market value. Even in Burgundy, where vineyards have been examined and mapped more thoroughly than anywhere else on earth, one can see almost 100 years of shifting boundaries, legal and otherwise, since the advent of the AOC system, which was designed precisely to maintain and protect traditional growing regions and practices. Grand and premier cru vineyards have grown in size, absorbing their neighbors to simplify labeling and mollify those once excluded. In Bordeaux, where single vineyards are secondary to brand names, the “vineyard” of a château expands or recedes with ownership. In To-Kalon both models, even if incompatible, are at work.

Facing east toward the Vaca Range in Mondavi's To Kalon I-Block

Beckstoffer Vineyards II v. Robert Mondavi Winery
 The 2002 To-Kalon Lawsuits

The trademark allows us protection on the term To-Kalon. It says it’s our right any way we choose to use it. In that context… we can use it for I Block Sauvignon Blanc or we can use it, if we choose, to bottle (it as) a wine from Nairobi. 
 -Tim Mondavi, quoted in the December 26, 2002 St. Helena Star

In 1999, a number of Napa vintners released single-vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon wines sourced from five-year-old vines on Andy Beckstoffer’s 89 acres of To-Kalon Vineyard. They all bore the same designation: Beckstoffer Oakville. With the 2000 vintage, Beckstoffer convinced one of his clients, Schrader Cellars, to label the wine as “Beckstoffer Original To Kalon Vineyard.” Robert Mondavi Winery, which had secured trademark registrations for TO KALON in 1988 and TO KALON VINEYARD in 1994, promptly sued Schrader upon the wine’s release in 2002 for infringement and sought an injunction on sales. Schrader filed a counterclaim, and Beckstoffer immediately responded with his own suit against the winery, claiming that it misled the public by exaggerating the original dimensions of the vineyard and by downplaying its historic significance. Beckstoffer even argued that I-Block, the source of Mondavi’s limited and legendary “To Kalon I-Block” Fumé Blanc, was marketed deceptively—that it wasn’t part of the original To-Kalon! The parties settled out of court the following year. While the exact terms were never made public, Beckstoffer won the right to allow his clients use of the name “To Kalon” on their labels, subject to a maximum case cap. (A maximum, Beckstoffer admits, his vineyard would not likely reach anyway.) From 2003 forward, “To Kalon Vineyard” on a bottle of wine could have two very different implications: for Beckstoffer it is a vineyard designate and indication of geographic origin, subject to TTB rules on label language; for Mondavi it is trademark, theoretically free from TTB oversight. The vineyard name on a bottle from Beckstoffer’s plot signifies a minimum 95% of To-Kalon Vineyard fruit. “To Kalon Vineyard” appeared on Mondavi Reserve Cabernet for the first time in 2011—does it mean the same thing?

The Boss Vineyard
 Crabb Era: 1868-1899

Among all the wine producers of California none stand higher in public estimation than H. W. Crabb of Oakville… - Pacific Wine and Spirit Review , May 4, 1891

Hamilton Walker Crabb, an Ohio native born on New Year’s Day in 1828, came to California in 1853 propelled by gold dreams but landed in the dirt instead. For a decade he worked orchards and grain fields in Alameda County, just east of the San Francisco Bay, before moving his family north to Napa Valley on the advice of a pioneering winegrower named John Lewelling. (Lewelling planted his first Napa vineyard in 1864, and his name, unlike Crabb’s, remains alive as St. Helena’s Lewelling Vineyards.) In 1868, Crabb purchased 240 acres of farmland from George Yount’s son-in-law, E.L Sullivan. This parcel, located north of Walnut Drive and west of Highway 29, was part of the original Rancho Caymus land grant awarded to George Yount in 1836, and it would become the core of H.W. Crabb’s To-Kalon Vineyard. Andy Beckstoffer and Robert Mondavi Winery are the principal landholders of this original parcel today.

In the 1860s, grape-growing and winemaking were new and still-negligible activities in Napa Valley. In The Vineyards and Wine of H. W. Crabb, Oakville, CA. and his “To-Kalon” Label (1980), historian William Heintz suggests that only a few hundred acres of grapes populated a valley of wheat country and pastureland. Yet Crabb, spurred by Lewelling, began to cultivate grapevines on his new property. Early efforts with table grapes netted uninspiring returns, so in 1872 Crabb built a winery and made his first wines under the banner of Hermosa Vineyards. By 1878 Crabb had 120 acres under vine, a distillery, and 225,000 gallons of wine reportedly produced in that year alone—almost 15% of Napa Valley’s total production. By the end of the decade, Crabb’s outfit was the third-largest producer of wine in the county, behind Charles Krug and Gottlieb Groesinger.

Like Sonoma’s Agoston Haraszthy, Crabb was an avid experimenter, importer of grapes, and nurseryman. By the end of the 1870s Crabb had curated the largest collection of vinifera grape varieties in the United States. In 1882, the St. Helena Star published his list, including Hamburg, Malbec, Semillon Noir, Pinot, Gamay, Grenache Blanch, Petite Sirrah, Chablis (Sauvignon Vert), Flame Tokay, Petite Verdot, Furmint, Missouri Riesling, Zinfandel, and Cabernet Sauvignon. There were almost 300 in total, including Crabb’s Black Burgundy, a coulure -sensitive variety later praised by critic Frank Schoonmaker as the best “Burgundy” of California. Long lost, Crabb’s Black Burgundy was not actually Pinot Noir; rather, an 1886 UC Agricultural College Report listed it as a synonym for the Italian Refosco. “Their respective modes of growth and the composition of their respective wines are indistinguishable,” wrote Dr. Eugene W. Hilgard. Hilgard’s comments were echoed by Dr. Harold Olmo in the 1930s, but we now know most “Refosco” in California was mislabeled Mondeuse. Was Crabb’s Black Burgundy really Mondeuse? For a century its identity was clear; now, with only a few faded photographs, tattered drawings, and cellar-notes to draw from, it is not.

Crabb's Black Burgundy

In the 1880s, Napa Valley experienced its first great viticultural boom. Heintz’s research estimates that county vine acreage expanded from 3,500 to 18,000 acres in the years from 1879-1889, and the number of wineries tripled, reaching 165 by the end of the decade. Crabb’s advice and vine cuttings were in high demand, and his winery and vineyards continued to expand. In 1873, Crabb planted vineyards for George Yount’s grandson John Davis, a neighbor whose land pressed westward from Hermosa Vineyards into the Mayacamas Mountains, and Crabb began purchasing Davis’ fruit in 1879 to increase his own production. In 1881 Crabb bought a second parcel of farmland, comprising an adjacent 119 acres south of Walnut Road and north of the Oakville Grade Road, for a sum of $12,000 from Eliza Yount. For Andy Beckstoffer, this second purchase cemented the historical boundaries of To-Kalon, and he offered this declaration in court: “My review of the official maps, property records, and Chain of Title Guarantees confirm that Crabb owned two parcels of land totaling approximately 524 acres. The first parcel was the approximate 359-acre To Kalon Vineyard (comprising the original 240-acre parcel and the 1881 119-acre acquisition), and the second parcel of land was the approximate 165-acre of land up in the hills west of Oakville.” It’s home to Harlan Estate today, but this southwestern parcel was not cultivated with vines during Crabb’s lifetime. Essentially, Beckstoffer argued the modern shape of To-Kalon should only include land owned by Crabb, planted during his lifetime, and used for the production of To-Kalon wines.

With his 2003 declaration, Beckstoffer left no uncertainty: supported by deeds of sale, county maps from the time, and William Heintz’s 1980 historical report The Vineyards and Wine of H. W. Crabb, Oakville, CA. and his “To-Kalon” Label , the 359-acre To-Kalon Vineyard stretched 0.7 miles west of the highway with the Oakville Grade as its southern border. But in Heintz’s report the historian marks the western border “more than one mile” to the west of Highway 29, where the valley meets the hillsides. If true, Mondavi’s 1945 I-Block, 1973 Z-Block, and Monastery Block—arguably the winery’s best tracts of vineyard—would actually be within To-Kalon’s boundaries, contrary to Beckstoffer’s assertion. Today these sections of vineyard, along with a small sliver of Opus One’s holdings and the parcels owned by the Detert and MacDonald families, all lie along the western side of Crabb’s 1868 and 1881 parcels. These were John Davis’ vineyards. Crabb planted the vines; Crabb purchased and used the fruit for To-Kalon wine.

Several years after the settlement, brothers Graeme and Alex MacDonald returned to their family’s 15-acre vineyard adjacent to the original 1868 Crabb parcel. In 2010, they began bottling a small amount of wine under the family name and meticulously digging through old records, deeds, newspapers, and other yellowed relics of the past. In a Napa County Reporter story dated January 25, 1873, the MacDonald brothers found proof that Crabb planted Davis’ first vineyards; winery sales receipts and an interview with Crabb’s winemaker Hans Hansen legitimized the claim that Crabb purchased Davis’ fruit for his wines. More importantly, they found an old deed of sale: in 1891 Crabb actually purchased the 650-acre Davis parcel and its 135 acres of vines. The modern I-Block, Z-Block, Monastery Block, Detert, MacDonald, Opus One… they were all incorporated into Crabb’s holdings in 1891! With the addition of this final parcel Crabb’s vineyard assumed its widest historical boundaries. From 1891 on To-Kalon exceeded 359 acres; the records exonerating Mondavi’s claim of “To Kalon I-Block” were there all along. Yet Mondavi still has the trademark and Beckstoffer still defines the vineyard’s shape and size, so the MacDonald and Detert wines—while satisfying Beckstoffer’s methodology—are unable to carry the “To Kalon” name today.

A page from the 1891 deed of sale, courtesy of Graeme MacDonald.

Meanwhile, Crabb was making moves. In 1886, he renamed his Hermosa operation To-Kalon Wine Company, and his wines soon began to accrue awards and recognition across the United States and throughout the world. From expositions in San Francisco to the World’s Fair in Paris, To-Kalon wines garnered praise and Crabb’s name elevated to the top echelon of American winemakers. His wines—Zinfandel, Cabernet, Sauterne, Burgundy, Claret, Riesling, and others—may have been the first American wines to gain fame and market share in the Eastern United States, too. The 1880s boom times led to bust as oversupply caused the local wine market in San Francisco to come crashing down, so Crabb looked elsewhere. By the early 1890s Crabb had set up To-Kalon sale depots in Washington DC, New Orleans, New York and elsewhere. In Chicago, he built a thirty-foot “wine fountain” to flow with To-Kalon for the 1893 Columbian Exposition, and he hired a woman specifically to market his wines to housewives. (Duh.) The To-Kalon Wine Co. itself employed nearly 100 people in Oakville throughout the 1890s. In Crabb’s own words: “The name To-Kalon… means the highest beauty, or the highest good, but I try to make it mean the boss vineyard.” For Crabb, the name To-Kalon unquestioningly represented his vineyard, but it also became his brand.

The 1880s were a decade of great hope and expansion for Napa Valley winemakers, but the industry faced peril by the turn of the century as phylloxera advanced. The Grape Phylloxera in California, Vol. 901-925 claims the insect first appeared in Haraszthy’s Buena Vista vineyards in Sonoma in the late 1850s, and Dr. E. W. Hilgard first documented its appearance in Napa Valley in 1877. While it no doubt spread in the interim, Napa’s vineyards began to rapidly succumb by the early 1890s. A late-1880s report on the devastation in the Yountville district cites 20 of Crabb’s 120 acres of vines as infected, with the John Davis property and other neighbors suffering as well. Crabb himself, in an 1894 address to the Board of State Viticultural Commissioners, cautions: “Fully one-half of the vineyards between Rutherford Station and the Bay have been destroyed by phylloxera.” As the first incidence of phylloxera in California predated its discovery in Europe, it most likely arrived alongside vines from the Eastern US, but the sheer number of European vine cuttings imported by Haraszthy, Crabb, and others in the late 1860s and 1870s may have provided steerage for the bug, hastening its spread. Crabb was nonetheless a vital player in the hunt for viable rootstocks in California. He replanted most of his vineyard to Lenoir (Jacquez) and V. riparia rootstocks, which fared almost as poorly as own-rooted vines, and experimented with Zinfandel as rootstock material. He even had V. rupestris St. George—the rootstock that would prove to be Napa’s salvation—in his collection, but it was George Schoenwald of Napa Valley and John Markley of Sonoma County who would successfully argue for its adoption. Despite Crabb’s great successes in marketing To-Kalon wines, his vineyard operations incurred sizable costs from the incursion of phylloxera and from his own grafting efforts, which failed to prevent its devastation.

By the end of the 1890s, falling domestic wine prices and potential yields ravaged by phylloxera forced Crabb’s hand. He sold off the third (1891) parcel and took out a $41,000 loan from the Goodman bank in Napa in late 1898. Four months later, on March 2, 1899, Crabb suffered a stroke and died. His family, unable to manage repayment of the loan, lost To-Kalon Wine Co. in that same year to E.W. Churchill, a bank officer who took possession through public auction. The Crabb era, and the glory days of the To-Kalon winery, ended with the century.

Hamilton Walker Crabb's original To-Kalon vineyard parcels and the Martin Stelling "extension."

Note: Crabb’s ownership of the 1891 parcel never appeared on any of the official county maps Beckstoffer brought as evidence. At the time, the survey maps were commissioned every 20 years or so, while Crabb’s control of the parcel he purchased from John Davis lasted less than a decade.

20th Century To-Kalon
 The Churchill Era: 1899-1939

E.S. Churchill followed Crabb to the grave in 1903, leaving control of the To-Kalon vineyards and winery in the hands of his widowed wife, Mary. Crabb’s winemaker Hans Hansen stayed on board into the Churchill era, and Crabb’s son-in-law continued to manage sales for the company’s Washington DC depot. Despite these threads of continuity, To-Kalon in the Churchill era diminished in national importance and brand recognition. The “To-Kalon Vineyard Company,” as Churchill’s 359-acre block was labeled on a 1915 Napa County map, closed its doors with the onset of Prohibition in 1920. Accusations of bootlegging surfaced during the 1920s, and the winery reopened briefly for bulk sales in 1933. By 1937 the Churchill family had sold off the remainder of To-Kalon’s dwindling stocks of wine, and in 1939 the winery brightened Napa’s night skies, ablaze, the victim of a mysterious fire Bottled Poetry author James Lapsley renders, “anticlimactic.”

During the Churchill era one of To-Kalon’s minor modern landowners, the government, moved in. The USDA took control of Crabb’s experimental plot and continued his rootstock trials. 20 acres in total transferred hands by 1922. This plot occupies the westernmost sector of the 1881 parcel; today it is UC Davis’ Old Federal Vineyard, the northern half of the Oakville Research Station.

While Crabb’s 1868 and 1881 parcels continued to contribute to To-Kalon wines under Mary Churchill, the 1891 parcel’s vineyards were ripped out entirely by its new owners. Railroad tycoon, steel baron and all-around enthusiastic “Capitalist” David Perry Doak eventually bought the third Crabb tract in 1911 and planted it to cherry tree orchards. Doak aspired to create a massive agricultural manor and an elaborate house to match, and in 1917 he acquired over 500 acres from the family of John Benson just south of the Oakville Grade, adjoining the southern border of the 1881 To-Kalon addition. (Benson was a winemaker too; he planted 84 acres of Muscat of Alexandria on his property in 1873, and in 1886 he completed his winery, Far Niente.) For the first time, a portion of Crabb’s original To-Kalon estate was joined in ownership with an adjacent but separate property. Further modern confusion over the boundaries of To-Kalon had been sown.

Doak died in 1921; he lived just long enough to see the Benson winery shuttered by Prohibition and the construction of his palatial mansion finished. Doak bequeathed his 1,700-acre estate to his second wife Frieda Vocke DeHaven, a former mistress he kept ensconced on an Oregon equestrian ranch until his first love got wise. After Doak died, Frieda promptly married Colonel John McGill. Her second marriage, like the first, was cut short by the colonel’s demise in 1929. The widow’s only daughter committed suicide in 1942. Amidst David Perry Doak’s elysian dreams, trammeled by inevitability and grief, Frieda Doak McGill sold her entire estate in 1944—including the 1891 To-Kalon parcel—to a San Francisco businessman named Martin Stelling Jr.

“New Oxygen”
 The Stelling Era, 1943-1950

In 1943, Martin Stelling purchased all but 110 acres of the 1868 and 1881 To-Kalon parcels from Mary Churchill. One year later, he bought the McGill Ranch, including the 1891 To-Kalon parcel. Most of Crabb’s original vineyard was now under Stelling’s control, while To-Kalon and the McGill Ranch joined other connected parcels on the west side of Highway 29 under a single owner for the first time since the fragmentation of George Yount’s Rancho Caymus. Stelling had assembled an estate comprising thousands of acres of pristine vineyard land. He was at the forefront of a new wave of winegrowers, the first real surge of new energy in the valley since repeal. He was an early and avid promoter of Cabernet Sauvignon, portending its incredible potential in the Napa Valley some 50 years before it became the valley’s most planted variety. André Tchelistcheff called him the “new oxygen” of Napa Valley.

Stelling did not waste time. He replanted his new acquisitions with mono-varietal blocks—a revolutionary practice at the time—of Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Johannisberg Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Noir and others he considered superior. Stelling put Sauvignon Blanc in I-Block in 1945. He bought the old Sunny St. Helena Winery in 1946 from a man named Cesare Mondavi to serve as a co-op, and he wanted to transform the old Benson winery into a world-class château. He was named president of the Napa Grape Growers’ Association in 1947. And Stelling referred to his entire property—including part of the 1868 Crabb parcel, all of the 1881 and 1891 parcels, and the McGill Ranch—by the most famous and historic name associated with the western flank of Oakville: Tokalon Vineyards.

1950 Map of "Tokalon Vineyards," courtesy of Graeme MacDonald

Had Stelling finished his renovation of the old Benson winery and achieved his dream of building a super-premium brand, would he have labeled the wines “To-Kalon?” It’s an open question; like Doak and McGill before him, Stelling’s time on the property was cut short. On the evening of May 7, 1950 the 47-year-old Stelling rammed his car into a pole near Yountville. He died the next day. Stelling’s widow, Caroline, did not share his enthusiasm for Cabernet Sauvignon, for To-Kalon, or for wine. In any case she had estate taxes to pay, and thus the dismantling of Stelling’s property began immediately upon his death. She sold a house, 40 acres of cherry trees, and a few vines from Crabb’s 1891 parcel to Hedwig Detert. (This parcel became two sometime in the 1950s, divided between her son Gunther Detert and her son-in-law, Allen Horton—the latter is the modern MacDonald plot.) In 1951 Caroline Stelling sold another 450 acres, including 148.4 acres of Crabb’s 1881 and 1891 parcels and 156.6 acres of the McGill Ranch, to Italian Swiss Colony. The old Doak mansion went next, sold with 29 acres of the McGill Ranch to the Carmelite House of Prayer. The monks still reside on the property today; the mansion towers over Mondavi’s Monastery Block. By the mid-1950s, Stelling’s vast estate of over 2,000 acres was undone. By the end of the decade, Martin’s son Douglas retained only a sector of the McGill Ranch, including the modern estate vineyards of Far Niente.

Of course, there were two parcels of Crabb’s To-Kalon, measuring 110 acres in total, that Stelling never managed to acquire. One was the USDA’s 20-acre Old Federal Vineyard; the other Mary Churchill sold to Beaulieu Vineyards in 1943. It was known as Beaulieu Vineyard #4 until 1993, when Andy Beckstoffer bought 89 of its 90 acres. (The 90th, BV’s Madame de Pims had sold to build a house.)

Mondavi Moves
 The Mondavi Era, 1958-Present

In the early 1950s, Italian Swiss Colony was the largest wine producer in California with vineyards throughout the state, and it was one of the best known and distributed wine brands nationwide. It was, however, just a footnote in To-Kalon’s history. Italian Swiss Colony’s Crabb and McGill parcels sold to Ivan Schoch, a former Stelling foreman, in 1953. Schoch remained a grower, selling his harvests to the owners of Charles Krug, Cesare Mondavi and his sons Robert and Peter. But the Mondavi family wanted the land itself. In Harvests of Joy , Robert Mondavi recalls, “… in 1958, I think it was, we went even further. We purchased a 325-acre parcel of To Kalon for Krug, in the name of the parent company my father had formed: C. Mondavi and Sons.”

The story of To-Kalon, and Napa Valley, could have ended quite differently. In his book Mondavi refers to plans to transform the entire 2,000-acre Stelling estate into a luxury housing and resort complex. Bay Area suburban sprawl threatened to encroach, and the corporatization of the valley had begun. There were discussions of an international airport in Carneros. Large wine companies swallowed smaller ones. United Vintners bought Italian Swiss Colony in 1953 and Inglenook in 1964, tarnishing the latter winery’s sterling reputation for decades to come. Major spirits suppliers were also sniffing around. Connecticut-based Heublein Inc., sole distributors of Smirnoff Vodka and by 1970 the second-largest liquor advertiser in the country, acquired a majority share in United Vintners in 1968. (The following year, the company purchased Beaulieu Vineyards and brought an East Coast-based business analyst-turned-winegrower named Andy Beckstoffer out to California. He actually farmed Beaulieu Vineyard #4—To-Kalon—for Heublein 20 years before buying the parcel from BV.)

And of course, the house of Mondavi suffered its own split. Incompatible egos and long-simmering business disagreements between two brothers finally rolled to a boil and spilled over a mink coat. In 1965 Robert Mondavi was ejected from Charles Krug and left without vineyards or winery; one year later, with Ivan Schoch and Fred Holmes as partners, he purchased 12 acres still held by Douglas Stelling for his own, eponymous project—Robert Mondavi Winery. The winery building and visitor center today occupy these 12 acres, along the northeast corner of Crabb’s 1868 To-Kalon parcel. It was the first new winery constructed on the Napa Valley floor since Louis Martini opened his cellar doors in 1933. Mondavi expanded quickly—Seattle’s Rainier Brewing Company acquired Schoch and Holmes’ shares in 1968, and Mondavi used the jolt of investment to buy more land, adding 230 acres of To-Kalon to the estate in that year alone. But as Robert’s own enterprise grew, family relations decayed. There were lawsuits and countersuits between Robert Mondavi and Charles Krug Winery; Robert sued for uncompensated loss of equity while Krug trotted out antitrust allegations. At the conclusion of a long, dragged-out court battle that pitted brother against brother—their mother Rosa died midway through the proceedings; her ashes were scattered over To-Kalon—the judge sided with Robert and ordered the sale of Charles Krug. The brothers, however, arrived at their own settlement in 1978: Peter bought Robert’s remaining shares in Charles Krug, while Robert received enough funds to buy out Rainier and added Krug’s Oakville holdings to his own. For the first time in its history, Robert Mondavi Winery was a completely family-owned company, and its holdings in Crabb’s original To-Kalon Vineyard and the McGill Ranch were complete.

Robert Mondavi’s impact on the future of Napa Valley and interest in wine appreciation in America cannot be overstated. But his interest chiefly lay in promoting his own brand, not To-Kalon. “When I arrived at Mondavi, I remember them talking about To-Kalon. They thought it might have been an old Indian word.” recalls Nina Wemyss, a historian employed by the winery from the mid-1980s through 2004. She was part of a small but vocal group advocating a revival of Crabb’s legacy. Mondavi’s vineyard manager Charles Williams and the viticulturalist Ben Henry were interested. So was legendary Sacramento grocer and wine merchant Darrell Corti. And To-Kalon’s own Gunther Detert wrote a short amateur history on Hamilton Crabb in the 1970s, playing a pivotal role in resurrecting the name around the winery. Robert and his sons Tim and Michael were finally persuaded, and the winery applied for its first TO KALON mark in 1987. The vineyard name first appeared on white wines, making its label debut with the 1986 vintage of Fumé Blanc Reserve. In the 1995 vintage Mondavi released “To Kalon I-Block Reserve” Fumé Blanc, sourced from 5.29 acres of Sauvignon Blanc, in honor of the vines’ 50th anniversary. “To Kalon Reserve” Cabernet Sauvignon appeared for the first time in 1997 and was produced through the 2001 vintage.

The 1970s and ‘80s brought unbridled growth, but by the early 2000s the winery faced a troubled, uncertain future. Mondavi went public in 1993; amid an image watered-down by Woodbridge and Coastal, rising costs, sagging demand, and increasing criticism lobbed at its Oakville wines, Mondavi’s shares were plummeting in the first few years of the new century. In 2004 the family lost control of the board; by the end of the year they lost the company. Constellation Brands orchestrated a takeover of the winery and the vineyards. Nina Wemyss recalls cleaning out her office as Tim Mondavi emptied his—“You’ve got to focus on To-Kalon… I told Constellation that ten years ago.” Tim kept an ember aglow, using a majority of To-Kalon and McGill fruit for his first two vintages of Continuum, but amidst the noise of the Beckstoffer court drama and the company’s own internal implosion, Mondavi’s role in the To-Kalon story was suddenly marginalized. It wasn’t until the 2011 vintage—the same year Andy Beckstoffer predicted in the pages of the  Wall Street Journal  that "The vineyards are the next Robert Mondavi."—that the winery began bottling its flagship Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon with the words “To Kalon Vineyard.” In the post-Robert Mondavi era, Robert Mondavi Winery now employs its trademarks and trumpets the story of To-Kalon Vineyard more often and eagerly than ever before.

Opus One
 To-Kalon by proxy, 1979-Present

In 1978 Robert Mondavi shook hands with Baron Philippe de Rothschild and founded Opus One, a joint partnership and new prestige wine for Napa Valley that debuted with the 1979 vintage. In 1981, Robert Mondavi Winery sold the partnership its southernmost estate parcel, the 35-acre McGill Ranch Q-Block. Opus One added 100 acres on the eastern side of Highway 29 and, in 2008, finally acquired long-term leasing rights to Mondavi’s K Block, a 48-acre marquee parcel adjacent to Beckstoffer, Mondavi’s I Block, and the MacDonald Estate in the heart of Crabb’s To-Kalon. It stands in stark contrast to its neighbors—the Opus One parcel is planted in the high-density Bordeaux style, a sharp departure from the widely spaced, head-trained old soldiers of I Block. Perhaps the most recognized premium Napa wine in international markets, Opus One downplays the To-Kalon connection in its marketing materials. Direct comparisons with other wines from the vineyard are obscured, in any event, as much of Opus One likely originates across the street.

Opus One vines adjacent to I-Block. View is facing west toward the Mayacamas.

89 Acres
 The Beckstoffer Era, 1993-Present

Andy Beckstoffer is the most famous name in grape-growing in Napa Valley, if not all of California. Not a vintner, the lanky Virginia native moved to the valley in 1969 as an employee of Heublein, the spirits giant that counted United Vintners’ Inglenook and Beaulieu Vineyards among its wine acquisitions. Beckstoffer helmed Heublein’s Vinifera Development Corporation and managed the company’s vineyard farming prior to buying the division in 1973. He renamed it Beckstoffer Vineyards, and slowly began amassing a portfolio that now includes 1,000 acres in the Napa Valley AVA. The lustrous gem of Andy Beckstoffer’s “Heritage Vineyards” collection is undoubtedly his 89-acre parcel of To Kalon, purchased from Beaulieu Vineyards in 1993. From a pure soil perspective, he prefers his Bourn Vineyard in St. Helena for Cabernet Sauvignon—its gravelly soils are warmer and more well-drained—but in name recognition and historical importance To Kalon is the prime plot. Realm vintner Juan Mercado, who has purchased Beckstoffer To Kalon fruit since 2002, agrees: “I'm always looking for an excuse to drop the vineyard—it's so expensive! But it’s an amazing vineyard, and even the weakest sections produce some phenomenal wine. In poorer vintages you still get the opportunity to make great wine; lesser vineyards may give you great fruit in a year like 2012 or 2013, but not 2011. You get amazing concentration and density—almost like mountain fruit—but it has the roundness and big, rich character of valley floor. The raw material is insane!” 

When Beckstoffer bought the property, he recalled Tchelistcheff’s advice— get diversity through clones of Cabernet, not through other varieties . The vineyard was dying then; with the high costs of replanting looming Beaulieu sold the prized but phylloxera-ridden parcel to Beckstoffer. He ripped out the Merlot and Petit Verdot and replanted his To Kalon in 1994 with various Cabernet Sauvignon clones, complemented by a few short rows of Cabernet Franc along its western border.

As of 2015, 20 buyers purchase fruit from Beckstoffer To Kalon Vineyard. All but one (Harlan Estate?) must produce a vineyard-designate wine from the property. And they are forbidden from adding Oakville AVA to their labels: “Vineyard designate is what everyone is going toward. You know who the grower is, where the ground is. You say Rutherford or Napa Valley, you get all sorts of stuff. The last peel of the onion is vineyard designate.” In preservation of that sense of place (and control over the economics of farming grapes), Beckstoffer strictly defines the vineyard practices: “We don’t let them tell us how to farm and we don’t tell them how to make wine.” Yields are left up to individual clients, but there is a minimum tons/acre that vintners pay for regardless of how much fruit they drop. And the per-ton price is sky-high. Estimating 63 cases/ton, Beckstoffer’s model sets the price per ton at 100x the retail price of the bottle and sets a minimum retail price of $175/bottle. Paul Hobbs sells his rendition for about $450. Do the math for 89 acres but don’t be alarmed; in our hunger for authenticity and terroir we’ve nearly sanctified the vineyard , so why be surprised when a grower understands the value of the ground underneath his feet?

Going to Market  

Add good cheer to the Thanksgiving festivities with To-Kalon Wines—the choicest products of the best California vineyards—delivered to you just as they come from the winery in California, purity and quality guaranteed. - To-Kalon Wine Company ad in the Nov. 24, 1903 Washington DC Evening Star

In his countersuit against Mondavi, Beckstoffer claimed that the winery misled the public (and the trademark office) by deemphasizing the historical significance of the To-Kalon name. But what was its significance? Today winegrowers who want to be taken seriously think in terms of vineyard über alles , but in the 19th century winery brand was a much more important motivator for sales and prestige. Think of the fin de siècle Champagne posters—beautiful women, flowers in their hair, society parties, inebriated yet genteel good times, nary a picture of a vine or vineyard—or the 1855 Bordeaux Classification. Korbel (or To-Kalon) Champagne. No one in Barolo dreamed of bottling an individual cru for the sake of vineyard expression. Domaine-bottling had yet to appear in Burgundy, but one can argue a Côte d’Or commune was more a brand than an appellation (which didn’t exist until the 20th century anyway) for the négociants . Yes, Crabb had an amazing expanse of vineyard land, but any historical significance his winery cemented in place was likely as much a product of his business acumen and his network of To-Kalon wine depots across the major markets of the United States. In one sense Mondavi and Beckstoffer are, equally, upholding the two sides of Crabb’s To-Kalon legacy.

The Last Families of To-Kalon Vineyard
 Detert and MacDonald

To-Kalon began as one man’s vision, but today it is very much a corporate enterprise. Mondavi and the TO KALON trademarks are now owned by New York-based Constellation Brands, the world’s largest premium wine producer and the biggest beverage alcohol company in the United States. Opus One is a joint partnership between Constellation and the Rothschilds. The state university controls its Old Federal Vineyard. Beckstoffer’s enterprise is family-owned, but with more than 3,600 acres of wine grapes in northern California this is not a mom-and-pop shop. There remain only two minor parcels within Crabb’s To-Kalon that operate on a small, family-run scale: the adjoining 25-acre Detert plot and the 21-acre MacDonald plot. Gunther Detert’s grandsons Tom and John Garrett and Bill Cover made the transition from grape-growers to winemakers in 2000 with the debut of Detert Family Vineyards, while Allen Horton’s grandsons Graeme and Alex MacDonald released their first wine under their own name in 2010.

Martin Stelling originally planted Cabernet Franc on the Detert estate in 1949, and from Gunther Detert forward the family kept the variety, even as the valley around them turned ever more monochromatic with Cabernet Sauvignon. Next door, the cherry trees were uprooted and Cabernet Sauvignon went back into the ground in 1954; one half-acre of these old vines still live on the MacDonald property. Robert Mondavi had long-term contracts with both vineyards, and the Detert and MacDonald cousins continue to sell the bulk of their fruit to the company.

Gunther Detert was instrumental in incubating interest in Crabb’s legacy at Robert Mondavi Winery in the 1970s and 1980s; today, Graeme MacDonald has inherited his curiosity and is as much historian as vineyard manager. He lives with his wife and newborn in an old, un-airconditioned, 650-sq. ft. cottage among the vines, a two-minute walk from Mondavi’s I-Block. He farms his vineyard by hand—himself—heeding his agricultural forbearers a generation removed, biodynamic principles, and the “do-nothing” farming teachings of Masanobu Fukuoka more than the flexible sustainability of his neighbors. In (exhaustively) performing the historical research necessary to protect the To-Kalon heritage, he is at once safeguarding and refining a story revived by Detert, William Heintz, Nina Wemyss, Robert Mondavi, and Andy Beckstoffer, while producing a wine that may never carry its name. Ironically, when used by Mondavi the MacDonald and Detert fruit is sold as aTo Kalon Vineyard wine, but for their own products Mondavi’s trademarks prohibit them from labeling it as such.

1954 Cabernet Sauvignon vines at the MacDonald estate

The Dumb Luck of Hamilton Walker Crabb

In the Wines and Vines of California (1889) Frona Eunice Wait lauds Hamilton Crabb as a winemaker without peer in California. Did Crabb, an Ohioan who first cultivated table grapes, oranges and chestnuts on his property in Oakville, also have a sixth sense for winegrowing? He was one of the first men in Napa Valley to produce a wine labeled “Cabernet,” half a century before Martin Stelling loudly promoted for its propagation up and down the valley floor. It was but one wine among many (Sauterne, Chablis, Sherry, Angelica, Blackberry Wine, Claret, Zinfandel Claret, Sweet Muscatel, Extra Dry Champagne, Riesling, Chasselas, etc.), yet his land was perfectly situated for growing the grape. It’s prime benchland terrain. The perimeter of his original vineyard—including the 1868 and 1881 parcels and the planted section of the 1891 plot—is remarkably consistent with modern maps of the alluvial fan beneath it. Again: the gravelly strata that fan out eastward from the base of the Mayacamas are almost completely congruent with and nearly identical in shape to the original To-Kalon Vineyard. The marine-derived sediment, once swept along the veins of seasonal creeks, grows finer toward Highway 29 and the Napa River. There are variations throughout To-Kalon—Beckstoffer cedes a little more gravel amidst otherwise uniform soils to the western end of his vineyard—but overall it is of very high quality for the late-ripening, warm soil-loving Bordeaux grape. Tim Mondavi remembers his father telling him that Louis Martini Sr. proclaimed it as one of the best areas in the valley for Cabernet. The biggest success during Crabb’s lifetime was (Crabb’s) Burgundy, but the future pivoted toward Bordeaux. Things change.

Addendum: The Oakville Research Station

“This might be the most important vineyard anywhere in the world,” proclaims Michael Anderson, emerging from a panoply of classic rock and the spartan garb of a dusty field office into the hard July sun to survey his surroundings—the UC Davis Oakville Station Old Federal Vineyard, a 20-acre parcel sandwiched between Mondavi’s Monastery Block, the Oakville Grade and Walnut Drive, at the heart of Crabb’s To-Kalon Vineyard. “But it was some of the poorer ground Crabb had.” Anderson explains: the vineyard, part of Crabb’s 1881 acquisition, was the site of his rootstock experiments. It’s full of poorly draining clay rather than gravel—a fact not likely lost on Crabb, who chose not to commercially cultivate on this patch of land. But where else in the world is an experimental plot located on an appellation’s most hallowed (and most expensive) ground? The rootstock experiments of the past have given way to more modern observations—microclimate irrigation trials, for instance, in which Anderson alters the amount and timing of drip irrigation for every single vine—but the vineyard’s legacy endures. Genomics inform a breeding program at the station, allowing scientists to look for desirable genes in new grape crossings immediately instead of waiting years for desirable physical traits to manifest. New clones of Cabernet Sauvignon and old heritage selections of Zinfandel are studied. In 2008, the widespread viral disease “red blotch” was first identified here, having long masqueraded as leafroll in vineyards from Texas to Canada. In the 1960s, Dr. Harold Olmo conducted many of his groundbreaking trials on Chardonnay clones at Oakville Station, and 30 years of his research into an old Cabernet Sauvignon selection from Kunde in Sonoma Valley culminated with the release of the “Oakville selection” (FPS 02) from this station in 1965. The original budwood for Martha’s Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon came from the Oakville Station, and many of the modern trellising techniques utilized in Napa Valley are likewise the product of UC Davis’ research here.

Of all the various experimental stations in the State, the one established at the Tokalon vineyard, Oakville, not many years ago, is the oldest and most extensive, and I am greatly pleased with the results obtained. 
-George Hersman (Husmann), Govt. Dept. of Viticulture
 (Dec. 2, 1905 Pacific Rural Press )

Prior to E. W. Churchill’s death in 1903, the new proprietor of To-Kalon set aside the 20-acre Old Federal Vineyard for further use in rootstock trials managed by George Husmann and the USDA. The government continued Crabb’s viticultural experiments even through Prohibition, finally buying the vineyard outright from Mary Churchill in 1922. (Presumably on account of the sudden loss of legal income!) A 1930 vineyard map shows blocks of phylloxera-resistant mother vines and grafted direct producers dating to 1923, 1924, 1925, and 1928. By the mid-1940s, however, Napa vintners were petitioning Congress to donate the land to the UC Davis Department of Viticulture and Enology in order to propel research in the valley, but government inaction forced a search for alternatives. In 1947 the group of vintners, led by John Daniel Jr. of Inglenook, purchased another 20-acre slice south of the Oakville Grade from Martin Stelling and donated it to the university. Congress finally followed suit in 1955, entrusting the USDA vineyard to UC Davis. The modern Oakville Station therefore comprises two vineyards of 20 acres each: the Old Federal Vineyard, which was a part of Crabb’s original To-Kalon Vineyard, and the South Station, from Stelling’s McGill Ranch.

There are only a few rare examples of the Old Federal Vineyard’s fruit available in the market. Anderson sells Cabernet Sauvignon for around $7,500-8,000 per ton to select clients, including Silverado Vineyards, who produces an “Oakville Station” vineyard designate wine. In the 2012 vintage, Cornerstone Cellars introduced a vineyard designate Merlot.

Special thanks to the following individuals for their time, materials, and research assistance: Graeme MacDonald, Alex MacDonald, Nina Wemyss, Andy Beckstoffer, Carissa Mondavi, Tim Mondavi, Michael Anderson, and Mark de Vere MW. Additionally, without the written work and prior interest of William Heintz and Gunther Detert this account would not have been possible.

Nice work 

Chuck Nix

Reading this was the most fun I've had on a slow Sunday night at the restaurant.  Thank you Matt!

Pablo Suarez

Great read and great information on this storied vineyard! Thank you!

Kelli White

I am 99% sure To Kalon is Greek for "the beautiful"

  • Mark Marzigliano</a> and <span class="who-likes">2 others</span> like this" data-format="{count}" data-configuration="Format=%7Bcount%7D&IncludeTip=true" >

Nicholas Daddona

Thank you so much for this article Matt! One question after reading it - Did the name To Kalon come from and old indian name for the land? Or was it from something else? Thank you so much!

  • Pablo Suarez</a> likes this" data-format="{count}" data-configuration="Format=%7Bcount%7D&IncludeTip=true" >
  • Incident Reporting
  • How to Pitch
  • Privacy Policy

Old Photo of Burger Employees in front of barn

Built to Last

Since 1863, Burger has been the foundation of the American yachting experience and the oldest, most respected custom yacht builder in America, spanning three centuries.

Founded by German immigrants, the Burger Boat Company history is rich with landmark innovations, American ingenuity, collaboration and an unyielding dedication to building the world’s finest vessels for both business and pleasure.

Vintage photo of people on a sailboat

Burger Family Beginnings

To tell the full story of Burger’s history, one must go back to when Simon and Margaretta Brauburger left their home in Bad-Homberg-Ober-Erlinbach, Deutschland and emigrated to the United States with their five children, including their youngest son, Henry, then 7 years old.

After arriving in the New World, the family shortened their name to Burger and established a home in New York, where they lived for about ten years. Realizing the climate and topography of the upper Midwest was so similar to their European homeland, the Burger family relocated to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where many fellow German, Dutch, Norwegian, French, Polish, and Scandinavian immigrants had settled. It was in Milwaukee, at the age of 18, that Henry began honing his skills by apprenticing as a shipbuilder at the Wolf & Davidson Shipyard.

In 1863 — amid the American Civil War — Henry moved 80 miles north of Milwaukee to Manitowoc, Wisconsin; a small community on the western shore of Lake Michigan. There he married Mary Esslinger, the daughter of a prominent German businessman, and formed the H. Burger Shipyard to produce small, 20' to 30' Mackinaw fishing boats for local commercial fishermen. His expertise and penchant for building extremely high-quality vessels quickly became known throughout the Great Lakes.

Between 1866 and 1869, Henry and his small group of craftsmen built and launched several vessels, including the scow MENOMONEE, the schooner FLEET WING, and the schooner S.A. WOOD.

In 1870, during the heyday of wooden sailing ships, Henry and Mr. Greene-Rand consolidated their Manitowoc shipyards to form the Greene-Rand, Burger Shipyard — building among many others, the Schooners CITY OF MANITOWOC and J.I. CASE. This partnership continued until Mr. Rand’s death in 1885.

In 1886, Henry took his nephew, George B. Burger, into partnership forming the Burger and Burger Shipyard. In 1887, envisioning the decline of new wooden sailing ships; they purchased the only dry dock in Manitowoc to begin a ship repair business.

Vintage photo of inside of Sailing Ship

Building the Burger Name

In 1888, the Burger yard launched the LIZZIE METZNER, an 80' three-masted schooner, built of blue oak. That same year, the 171' steamer PETOSKY was launched, defying all superstitions about Fridays being unlucky days for boats. The keel was laid on a Friday, she was launched on a Friday, and her maiden voyage was on a Friday. She was very successful but met with ill fate — destroyed by a fire while being converted into a barge in 1935.

In 1889, Burger launched CORA A, the last full-rigged schooner built on the Great Lakes. In 1890, Burger built and launched the 201' ferry INDIANA for the Goodrich Transportation Company, the largest and by far most successful passenger steamship company on the Great Lakes.

The combination of new construction and ship repair made Burger prosperous during the 1890s when many other shipyards were struggling. As there were no dry docks between Detroit, Michigan and Manitowoc, Wisconsin, and none on Lake Superior, the Burger shipyard had a steady stream of customers with eight to ten ships in line for repairs at any given time.

The company also maintained a large wrecking tug, the JOHN GREGORY, that often brought in profitable repair jobs. The yard boasted a 337' graving dock which could handle vessels of 2,000 tons. In addition, Burger had a set of boxes which would lift vessels of 350 tons, plus a large stock of spars and a spar derrick. Between 1870 and the turn of the century, the Burger brand name appeared on almost 100 new vessels, including steamers, tugs, scows, schooners, and barges. Without question, the Burger name became synonymous with quality and craftsmanship.

In 1902, after almost 40 years in business, Henry B. & George B. Burger sold their shipyard to the Manitowoc Dry Dock Company, which would later become the Manitowoc Company; the world’s largest builder of cranes and commercial ice makers.

Although Henry B. retired, the Burger shipbuilding tradition continued. Ten years earlier, in 1892, nephew Henry B. Burger Jr. formed a company in his own name — Henry B. Burger Shipyard — just across the river from his uncle. It is on this site that the current Burger Boat Company has evolved.

Henry Jr. was an innovator and true visionary. While continuing to build small sailing and fishing vessels, he quickly recognized the potential advantages of the newly developed gasoline engine and began installing engines produced by Kahlenberg Brothers of Two Rivers, Wisconsin.

Burger’s first motor launch was the 85' cruiser, VERNON JR., built for Vernon Siever of Chicago, Illinois, in 1901. Within ten years, the company was building many 80', 90' and 100' wooden cruisers and had established a reputation for building the world’s finest custom motor yachts.

When Henry died in 1914, his wife and four children, Henry C., George M., Walter, and Caroline assumed ownership and management of the shipyard. In 1915, they incorporated as Burger Boat Company.

LIZZIE METZNER – 80' Schooner on water

LIZZIE METZNER – 80' Schooner, 1888

Wooden Hull Under Construction

Wooden Hull construction

Standing the Test of Time

During World War I, Burger Boat Company’s tremendous reputation for wooden shipbuilding was such that the U.S. Navy ordered several wooden minesweepers, sub chasers, tugs, and rescue craft. Burger also built thirteen 90' wooden tugs for the U.S. Army Emergency Corps.

The years following World War I saw many large luxurious wooden cruisers and sailing yachts built for the pleasure market. However, technological developments spurred additional innovation. With the advent of electric arc welding, Burger developed techniques for the construction of all welded steel hulls for pleasure craft. In 1938, Burger built the country’s first all-welded steel auxiliary ketch, the 81' TAMARIS.

During the depression years, Burger Boat Company specialized in the construction of steel gill net fishing vessels as these proved to be far more practical than luxury yachts. Burger started another trend that gained immediate popularity when, in 1940, it launched the first flush deck cruiser, the 65' PILGRIM. To this day, PILGRIM has been fully restored and can still be seen cruising the waters of the Great Lakes and the eastern seaboard.

With the arrival of World War II, the U.S. Army and Navy ordered 55 vessels over a five-year period. Utility craft, steel tugs, crash boats, rescue boats, minesweepers, and sub chasers were launched in rapid succession. After the war, Burger devoted its efforts to producing pleasure yachts. Luxury cruisers and auxiliaries were built, and a line of custom and semi-custom yachts were introduced in 1949.

Because of Burger’s reputation for innovation and fine yacht building, the Reynolds family of Reynolds Metals Company approached Burger in 1952 to work with an experimental new material, aluminum. The collaboration produced America’s first all-welded aluminum vessel, the 36' cruiser VIRGINIA, in 1956.

In 1957, the first all-welded aluminum, shoal draft, centerboard yawl, the 58' DYNA, was built for Mr. Clayton Ewing. Designed by Sparkman & Stephens, DYNA was the first yacht built in the Great Lakes to win the 635-mile biennial Newport to Bermuda race, finishing in just five days, one hour, 40 minutes and 34 seconds — a new course record. DYNA went on to win many races and established numerous records due to weighing 8,600 pounds less than a comparable wooden hull and 10,000 pounds lighter than a comparable steel hull.

1951 Korean Mind Sweeper on Water

1951 Korean War Minesweeper

Riding New Waves

In 1959, the company was reorganized. Henry E. Burger, the son of President Henry C. Burger, became president, and George M. Burger, who was vice-president, stepped aside for his son-in-law, Elias Gunnell II. Eli’s father was president of Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company and inventor of the rivet gun. Caroline continued as secretary-treasurer and oversaw accounting. The company became Burger Boat Company, Inc.

In the early 1960s, the company’s primary focus was the design and construction of luxury aluminum motor yachts. The heyday of flush decks, cruisers, houseboats, raised, and semi-raised pilothouse motor yachts continued through the sixties, seventies, and into the eighties. During this period, Burger worked with such notable naval architects as Sparkman & Stephens, J.B. Hargrave, C. Raymond Hunt, and Donald O’Keeffe.

The largest aluminum yacht ever built in the U.S. was launched by Burger in 1977, the 125’ ARARA for the Illinois Tool Works. Burger’s tradition of building high quality aluminum yachts continued. However, in October 1986, due to declining health, Henry E. Burger sold the company to John McMillian, a then current customer building an 86' yacht.

Burger continued to prosper, and for the period between 1985 and 1990, 47% of all the registered motor yachts over 80’ built in the U.S. were built by Burger Boat Company.

In April 1989, McMillian sold Burger to United Shipbuilders of America, a newly created subsidiary of Tacoma Boat Building Company. Fresh out of Chapter 11 reorganization, Tacoma’s strategy was to expand operations beyond its diminishing military shipbuilding by acquiring Burger and entering the pleasure boating market.

Unfortunately, the unexpected loss of several large naval contracts, along with the newly instituted luxury tax, caused a struggling Tacoma to abruptly suspend operations, and on Friday, November 30, 1990, Burger was ordered to close.

A group of 167 skilled craftspeople and dedicated employees banded together as the Former Burger Workers for the purpose of staying in communication with each other in hopes their company, their pride, and their boat building heritage would someday continue. Fortunately, on Friday, February 5, 1993, 26 months after the closure, the Burger brand was reborn when businessmen David Ross and Jim Ruffolo purchased the assets of Burger Boat Company and reopened the shipyard. Thus, continuing the tradition started in 1863, building custom yachts.

The first yacht under the new management was the 91' raised pilothouse motor yacht WINDRUSH. This eagerly anticipated yacht was so highly acclaimed that at the 1994 Fort Lauderdale International Boat Show it was directly responsible for Burger Boat Company receiving three additional yacht construction contracts.

Excellence on the Horizon

Since its reopening, Burger has experienced tremendous growth and, to date, has built 40 new yachts that can be seen in ports around the world. The Burger shipyard has also been completely transformed. It now features a state-of-the-art manufacturing complex with seven large floor-heated boat building halls of 71,000 square feet (6596 square meters), plus a 50,000 square foot (4645 square meters) joiner shop with a custom built, dual station router and machining center, a pair of highly efficient down draft spray booths, and drying centers. In 2006, a new 500 metric ton capacity MARINE TRAVELIFT® and launching well were erected, making the historic Burger shipyard into a world-renowned showpiece. Also at this time, a new 20,000 square foot (1858 square meters) corporate headquarters building was acquired.

Also occurring in 2006, Burger launched the much acclaimed 144' (43.9m) MIRGAB V. MIRGAB V won the 2006 Yachts International World Yachts Trophy for Best Custom Yacht Between 40m and 50m Award and the 2007 Showboats International Best Semi Displacement Motor Yacht Over 40 Meters Award. Displayed at the 2006 Monaco Yacht Show, MIRGAB V was recognized on the world stage as a showpiece of Burger craftsmanship and design.

With such tremendous growth and expansion, Burger University was initiated in 2006 to provide new and ongoing training in all trades and departments. Several “mentoring” positions were added to complement the initiative of Burger University. In addition to this skill training, a heavy emphasis has been placed on safety training with frequent company-wide meetings to heighten the awareness and accentuate the importance of safety throughout the shipyard. In 2007, Burger again made a major commitment to training and employee retention by instituting LEAN construction practices throughout its operation.

In 2007, another first for Burger was achieved; the launching of the first set of identical twins, Hull 505 and 506, for a client who wanted a vessel on each side of the Atlantic. Once again, these two vessels were met with acclaim and nominated for several industry awards.

On August 16, 2007, Burger Boat Company announced the retirement of David Ross, then co-president with James (Jim) M. Ruffolo, who undertook the full responsibility of the presidency and, soon thereafter, president and CEO. At the time of these changes, an experienced client/yachtsman became the majority owner.

In 2008, Burger launched two yachts: INGOT, a 153' (47m) Tri-Deck, and TÒ-KALÒN, a 101' (31m) Enclosed Bridge Motor Yacht. TÒ-KALÒN, a contemporary-styled custom Enclosed Bridge Motor Yacht, was built for speed for an experienced yachting family from the United States. The Burger Design Team joined forces with Cor D. Rover Design as the exterior stylist and Donald L. Blount & Associates to develop a vessel that is both elegant and technologically advanced. TÒ-KALÒN incorporates extensive use of strong, lightweight materials and carefully calculated design and engineering parameters. INGOT premiered at the 2008 Fort Lauderdale International Boat Show and was extremely popular at the 2009 Monaco Yacht Show.

In 2009, Burger launched SYCARA IV; a 151' (46m) Fantail Motor Yacht. The owners of SYCARA IV were committed to recapturing the splendor, grace, and charm of an era gone by, when one could relax and enjoy the simple pleasures of yachting. Their inspiration for SYCARA IV was a beautiful, traditionally styled, early 1920s era Fantail Cruiser.

Side view of Hull 513 in river

With the decline in overall worldwide economic activity in 2008, Burger looked back in its storied history, which includes building many exceptional commercial vessels, and made the decision to diversify its product offerings to include not only custom yachts but also commercial vessel construction and vessel refit and repair. It is ironic that the first new commercial contract awarded to Burger was for the R/V COREGONUS, a 62’ welded aluminum vessel for the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources to replace the R/V BARNEY DEVINE, their 75-year-old Burger! Since her delivery in 2011, Burger has delivered 8 additional new commercial vessels and has built a reputation of high-quality new construction and exceptional refit and repair services for vessel of all types, be they yachts or commercial vessels.

The 142’ (42.7m) Motor Yacht SEA OWL and the 140’ (42m) LADY GAYLE MARIE were launched in 2010. SEA OWL was a collaboration between the Burger Design Team, Vripack in the Netherlands, and the UK-based Andrew Winch Design, while LADY GAYLE MARIE was the third new Burger build by the current owner.

In late 2017, Burger delivered NORTHLAND, a 103'-6" (31.5m) steel and aluminum explorer yacht designed by Luiz de Basto of Miami, Florida. NORTHLAND has extensively traveled the east coast of the United States as well as the South Pacific and is currently plying the waters of the North Atlantic.

In 2018, Burger delivered another new and innovative project, BLUE BOAT HOME, to her excited owner. BLUE BOAT HOME is a 48’-8” (14.83m) cruiser designed for an owner/operator and features Vripack’s patented Slide Hull, which has been proven in the North Sea and provides a smooth ride in most any conditions.

Burger’s second 48 Cruiser, BLUE, which features a De Basto Designs interior, was delivered to her new home in August 2019. In late 2021, the Burger 50 Cruiser, SET FREE, was delivered to her new owner. SET FREE immediately set off on the Great Loop of Eastern North America.

The construction of high-quality commercial vessels, as well as vessel refit and repair projects, remain an important part of Burger’s history and legacy moving forward. Since reinstituting commercial vessel construction in 2010, Burger has delivered nine commercial vessels, including the all-welded aluminum R/V COREGONUS , three all welded steel passenger vessels (CHICAGO’S LEADING LADY, CHICAGO'S CLASSIC LADY, and CHICAGO'S EMERALD LADY), the all-welded steel R/V ARCTICUS for the US Geological Survey, the steel passenger vessel LUCIA for use in the Chicago River, aluminum hull and superstructure sub-assemblies for two all-electric vessels to the Maid of the Mist boat tours (NIKOLA TESLA and JAMES V. GLYNN) in Niagara Falls, NY, and NEEBISH ISLANDER III, a steel 15 car ferry to the Eastern Upper Peninsula Transportation Authority in Michigan.

Burger is currently building two 180’ Motor Yachts that are exciting examples of Burger’s continuing creativity and features expansive interior and exterior spaces for its owner and guests, while its mechanical features are intended to make the cruising experience even more comfortable.

For one to recognize, appreciate, and value that Burger is a true custom builder is to look at the variety of yachts and commercial vessels that have been designed and built since its founding in 1863. Working with in-house designers and engineers, and highly acclaimed designers from around the world, Burger continues to raise the bar in quality and innovation.

Click Here to see the Yard News Archive

Producer who accused Sean 'Diddy' Combs adds Cuba Gooding Jr. to sexual assault, harassment lawsuit

A music producer who filed a lawsuit against Sean “Diddy” Combs last month has now accused actor Cuba Gooding Jr. of sexually harassing and assaulting him, an amended federal complaint filed Monday night shows.

The amended civil complaint was filed in U.S. District Court in Manhattan hours after federal officials searched Combs’ homes . Combs is a subject of a federal investigation, and several people have been interviewed by federal officials in Manhattan in relation to allegations involving sex trafficking, assault, illegal narcotics and firearms, a source familiar with the matter told NBC News.

Representatives for Combs, 54, did not immediately respond to NBC News’ request for comment Monday.

The producer, Rodney “Lil Rod” Jones, filed his original lawsuit against Combs and others in February, alleging that Combs forced him to procure sex workers and pressured him to engage in unwelcomed sex acts with them.

The amended suit alleges that Gooding groped Jones while on Combs’ yacht.

An attorney and representatives for Gooding did not immediately respond to requests for comment late Monday.

Gooding “began touching, groping, and fondling Mr. Jones’ legs, his upper inner thighs near his groin, the small of his back near his buttocks, and his shoulders,” Jones’ the suit states.

Jones “was extremely uncomfortable and proceeded to lean away from Mr. Gooding Jr.,” the lawsuit says. “He rejected his advances and Mr. Gooding Jr. did not stop until Mr. Jones forcibly pushed him away.”

Attorneys for Jones said in the lawsuit that the incident happened on a yacht rented by Combs in the U.S. Virgin Islands in January 2023. It accused Gooding of sexual assault and misconduct.

Gooding has not been charged with any crime.

In a different case, Gooding pleaded guilty in 2022 to a misdemeanor charge that he forcibly kissed a worker at a New York nightclub in 2018.

He completed alcohol and behavior modification counseling, was then allowed to withdraw that plea and then pleaded guilty to a lesser harassment violation, resolving the case with no jail time .

On Monday, federal agents with Homeland Security Investigations executed search warrants at properties belonging to Combs in Los Angeles and Miami, sources told NBC News.

There has been no information connecting Gooding to any of the searches, and it is not clear what the searches entailed.

Combs has been accused of misconduct in civil cases filed by four women. One was quickly settled and three are pending . Combs has denied the allegations in those lawsuits.

“Let me be absolutely clear: I did not do any of the awful things being alleged. I will fight for my name, my family and for the truth,” he said in a December statement.


Jones said in the lawsuit that he worked on Combs’ latest album, “The Love Album: Off the Grid.” The album was released in September 2023 and was nominated for a Grammy.

The suit alleges , in part, that Motown Records, and others, benefited from his work on the album, but that he was not fully compensated.

Monday’s amended complaint filed by attorneys for Jones contains a declaration by former Motown Records CEO Ethiopia Habtemariam who it appears to show her willing to testify about the contract involving “The Love Album.”

A spokesperson for Universal Music Group, which owns Motown Records, did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

The lawsuit seeks damages, including punitive damages, but does not specify an amount, seeking amounts to be determined at trial.

who owns to kalon yacht

Diana Dasrath is entertainment producer and senior reporter for NBC News covering all platforms.

who owns to kalon yacht

Phil Helsel is a reporter for NBC News.


  1. To-Kalon Celebrates Christening as 1st Horizon FD102 in USA

    In fact, they and a few guests already got a jump start, at the recent christening ceremony in Florida. To-Kalon is a Horizon FD102, and the first of this model series for American owners. Dave and Cheryl Copham signed the contract because the series and their previous yacht share the same designer, Cor D. Rover.

  2. Horizon Welcomes the FD102 TO-KALON to the Family

    TO-KALON will make her public debut at the 2020 Fort Lauderdale International Boat Show in late October. To experience all of the details of TO-KALON via the virtual tour, please click HERE. For more information, please contact Horizon Yacht USA at [email protected] or call 561-721-4850. Horizon kicked off the summer season with the pop ...

  3. TO-KALON Yacht

    BV (Bureau Veritas) classification. Interior design from Horizon. Sleeps 10 overnight. The 31.01m/101'9" motor yacht 'To-Kalon' was built by Horizon in Taiwan. Her interior is styled by Taiwanese designer design house Horizon and she was delivered to her owner in July 2020. This luxury vessel's exterior design is the work of Cor D. Rover Design.

  4. To-Kalon Yacht

    To-Kalon is a motor yacht with an overall length of m. The yacht's builder is Horizon Yachts from Taiwan, who launched To-Kalon in 2020. The superyacht has a beam of m, a draught of m and a volume of . GT.. To-Kalon features exterior design by Cor D. Rover Design. Up to 10 guests can be accommodated on board the superyacht, To-Kalon, and she also has accommodation for 4 crew members, including ...

  5. Horizon FD102 To-Kalon superyachts design and features

    In May, Horizon Yachts of Taiwan launched the second in its FD102 series, To-Kalon, which refers to Plato's concept of beauty.Her American owner, David Copham, says " We have Cor D. Rover to thank for the basic concept, which we think will be quite well received in the yachting community." Rover designed Copham's previous yacht, a Burger yacht also named To-Kalon.

  6. Second Horizon FD102 Superyacht To-Kalon Delivered

    To Kalon has been delivered The yacht is due to arrive in Fort Lauderdale in June and make her debut at the 2020 Fort Lauderdale International Boat Show this October. The 31.01 metre yacht is part of the yard's Cor D Rover -designed Fast Displacement line but differs greatly from the first hull in the series, Impatient IV , which has a 33 ...

  7. WATCH: To-Kalon, First Horizon FD102 to Come to America

    This megayacht is about a month away from arriving on U.S. shores, into the hands of her happy owners. To-Kalon is not only the first Horizon for this couple, but also the first Horizon FD102 commissioned for cruising on this side of the Atlantic.. The owners, who previously commissioned a fully custom Burger, learned about this semi-custom model through the designer Cor D. Rover.

  8. TO KALON yacht (Horizon, 32.75m, 2020)

    TO KALON is a 32.75 m Motor Yacht, built in Taiwan by Horizon and delivered in 2020. She is one of 4 FD102 models. Her top speed is 21.4 kn and her cruising speed is 10.0 kn and her power comes from two Caterpillar diesel engines. She can accommodate up to 10 guests in 5 staterooms, with 5 crew members waiting on their every need.

  9. Second Horizon FD102 motor yacht To-Kalon launched

    The second Horizon FD102 superyacht has now hit the water and is set to be delivered to her American owners. The 32.75-metre motor yacht has been named To-Kalon: a name which takes its inspiration from Plato's concept of beauty. Photo: Horizon Yachts. With her interiors designed in house, To-Kalon 's exteriors come from the drawing boards ...

  10. SuperYacht of the week : Second 33m Horizon F102 yacht To Kalon

    The second hull of the Horizon FD102 series, 32.75-meter motor yacht To-Kalon has been delivered to her experienced owners in Florida as the first of the ser...

  11. To-Kalon Motor Yacht

    To-Kalon was launched in September 2008. Alustar Aluminium has been used to construct the hull and superstructure of the ship. The ship is fully certified by American Bureau of Shipping (ABS). The yacht can cruise at a maximum speed of 27.8kts. Ship's aft deck has been furnished with teak wood.

  12. Motor yacht To-Kalon hits water at Horizon Yachts shipyard

    The yacht was inspired by Plato's concept of beauty and this is very much reflected throughout the entire vessel. Motor yacht TO-KALON TO-KALON offers accommodation in 5 luxurious cabins for up to 10 guests, which include a large full-beam master stateroom located on the main deck, and additional guest suites located on the lower deck.

  13. Second 33m Horizon F102 yacht To Kalon delivered

    Second 33m Horizon F102 yacht To Kalon delivered. Written by Naina Parasher. 13 Jul 2020 | 09:00. Loading... The second hull of the Horizon FD102 series, 32.75m yacht To Kalon has been delivered to her experienced owner in Florida. Read more on SYT.

  14. Horizon Welcomes the FD102 TO-KALON to the Family

    Horizon kicked off the summer season with the pop of a champagne cork during the christening celebration of the brand new Horizon FD102, TO-KALON.The first FD102 superyacht to be delivered to the U.S., TO-KALON is the second hull of the FD102 model - the first of which was delivered to European owners in February 2020. This is the second superyacht build for TO-KALON's experienced owners ...

  15. Yacht TO-KALON, Horizon Yachts

    Luxury yacht TO-KALON is a FD102 model from Horizon Yachts launched in 2020. She measures 32.75m/107ft with sturdy, contemporary modern styling comprised of clean lines and a white hull and superstructure. M/Y TO-KALON also boasts beautiful modern interior styling and Cor D. Rover and can accommodate up to 10 guests in five en-suite cabins.

  16. Horizon Welcomes the FD102 TO-KALON to the Family

    Horizon kicked off the summer season with the pop of a champagne cork during the christening celebration of the brand new Horizon FD102, TO-KALON.The first FD102 superyacht to be delivered to the U.S., TO-KALON is the second hull of the FD102 model - the first of which was delivered to European owners in February 2020. This is the second superyacht build for TO-KALON's experienced owners ...

  17. Justice Department Files Civil Forfeiture Complaint Against $300

    The United States today filed a civil forfeiture complaint in the Southern District of New York against the motor yacht Amadea - a 348-foot luxury vessel reportedly worth more than $300 million and beneficially owned by sanctioned Russian oligarch Suleiman Kerimov - which was seized in 2022 at the request of the United States. Today's filing alleges that the superyacht was improved and ...

  18. 30.8m To-Kalon Superyacht

    To-Kalon is a custom motor yacht launched in 2008 by Burger Boat Company. Founded in 1863, Burger is one of the oldest and most respected custom yacht builders in America and has delivered yachts which can be seen in ports around the world. To-Kalon measures 30.78 metres in length. To-Kalon has an aluminium hull with an aluminium superstructure.

  19. INDULGENCE Yacht

    INDULGENCE is a 31m luxury motor super yacht built in 2008 by Burger Boat. View similar yachts for Charter around the world. ... The 30.79m/101' motor yacht 'Indulgence' (ex. To-Kalon) was built by Burger in the United States at their Manitowoc, Wisconsin shipyard. Her interior is styled by design house Burger and she was delivered to her owner ...

  20. The battle for the soul of Napa's To Kalon

    Six wineries and growers own parts of To Kalon, but only Robert Mondavi Winery, with some 446 acres (180ha), owns the rights to the name. Mondavi trademarked it in 1988, claiming the name had no significance in the wine industry. ... Andy Beckstoffer, who owns 89 acres (36ha) of To Kalon, adds, "Once places can be trademarked, you violate the ...

  21. The True Story of To-Kalon Vineyard

    The Last Families of To-Kalon Vineyard Detert and MacDonald. To-Kalon began as one man's vision, but today it is very much a corporate enterprise. Mondavi and the TO KALON trademarks are now owned by New York-based Constellation Brands, the world's largest premium wine producer and the biggest beverage alcohol company in the United States.

  22. Any Way You Spell It, MacDonald Brothers Are Staking Their Own To-Kalon

    The hallowed ground in question is the To-Kalon Vineyard (or To Kalon as some spell it), which sits west of Highway 29. Established in 1868, its present owners are Andy Beckstoffer, whose 89 acres ...

  23. Burger History

    The largest aluminum yacht ever built in the U.S. was launched by Burger in 1977, the 125' ARARA for the Illinois Tool Works. Burger's tradition of building high quality aluminum yachts continued. However, in October 1986, due to declining health, Henry E. Burger sold the company to John McMillian, a then current customer building an 86' yacht.

  24. Producer who accused Sean 'Diddy' Combs adds Cuba Gooding Jr. to sexual

    A music producer who filed a lawsuit against Sean "Diddy" Combs last month has now accused actor Cuba Gooding Jr. of sexually harassing and assaulting him, an amended federal complaint filed ...

  25. Dundalk's Hard Yacht Cafe steps up after Key Bridge collapse

    The new owner of a Dundalk marina and restaurant jumped into action when the Francis Scott Key Bridge collapsed Tuesday.. Alex DelSordo, who owns the Anchor Bay East Marina and Hard Yacht Cafe, is ...